American Council of Learned Societies, Dictionary of American Biography (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1964).
Chisolm, John J., A Manual of Military Surgery for the Use of Surgeons in the Confederate Army with an Appendix of the Rules and Regulations of the Medical Department of the Confederate Army, (Richmond, West and Johnson, 1861).
Fishman, Gail, Journeys Through Paradise:Pioneering Naturalists in the Southeast, (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2000).
Gatewood, Willard B.Jr., "Alonzo Clifton McClennan: Black Midshipman from South Carolina, 1873-1874," South Carolina Historical Magazine, vol.89, no.1, Jan.1988, pp. 24-39.
Gould Christopher, "Robert Wells, Colonial Charleston Printer," South Carolina Historical Magazine, vol.79, no.1, Jan.1978, pp. 23-49.
Hambrecht, F.T. M.D. "Dr. Chisolm's Inhaler: A Rare Confederate Medical Invention," The Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association, May 1991.pp. 277-280.
Hash, C. Patton, "Champney's Triumph: South Carolina's Forgotten Rose," South Carolina Historical Society Magazine, Vol. 16, No. 1., Spring 2000, pp. 8-17.
Manning, Kenneth P., Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just, (London: Oxford University Press, 1983).
Malone, Dumas., The Public Life of Thomas Cooper 1783-1839, (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1961).
Sanders, Albert E. and Warren Ripley (ed.), Audubon : The Charleston Connection (The Charleston Museum, 1985).
Shecut, John Linnaeus Edward Whitridge, Flora Caroliniensis; or a Historical Medical and Economical Display of the Vegetable Kingdom; According to the Linnean or Sexual System of Botany, 1806.
Smith, Beatrice S., "Hannah English Williams: America's First Woman Natural History Collector," South Carolina Historical Society Magazine Vol. 87, No.2, April 1986, pp. 83-92.
Waring, Joseph Ioor. A History of Medicine in South Carolina 1670-1825, (South Carolina Medical Association, 1964).
_______________. A History of Medicine in South Carolina 1825-1900, (South Carolina Medical Association, 1967).
Wilson, Leonard G. (ed.),Benjamin Silliman and His Circle (Watson Publishing International, 1979).
Note: Most Materials are available at Charleston County Public Library.