Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Biology and life sciences
      Careers
      Cognition
      Cognitive psychology
      Cognitive science
      Critical care and emergency medicine
      Decision making
      Economics
      Education
      Educational status
      Employment
      Graduates
      Labor economics
      Medical education
      Medical humanities
      Medicine and health sciences
      Musculoskeletal system procedures
      Neuroscience
      Orthopedic surgery
      Pediatric surgery
      People and places
      Population groupings
      Psychology
      Research and analysis methods
      Research Article
      Research design
      Social sciences
      Sociology
      Surgical and invasive medical procedures
      Survey research
      Surveys
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      923110 Administration of Education Programs
      611699 All Other Miscellaneous Schools and Instruction
      611710 Educational Support Services
    • Abstract:
      Background: Relatively little is understood about which factors influence students’ choice of specialty and when learners ultimately make this decision. Objective: The objective is to understand how experiences of medical students relate to the timing of selection of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a specialty. Of specific interest were factors such as how earlier and more positive specialty exposure may impact the decision-making process of medical students. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study of EM bound 4th year US medical students (MD and DO) was performed exploring when and why students choose EM as their specialty. An electronic survey was distributed in March 2015 to all medical students who applied to an EM residency at 4 programs representing different geographical regions. Descriptive analyses and multinomial logistic regressions were performed. Results: 793/1372 (58%) responded. Over half had EM experience prior to medical school. When students selected EM varied: 13.9% prior to, 50.4% during, and 35.7% after their M3 year. Early exposure, presence of an EM residency program, previous employment in the ED, experience as a pre-hospital provider, and completion of an M3 EM clerkship were associated with earlier selection. Delayed exposure to EM was associated with later selection of EM. Conclusions: Early exposure and prior life experiences were associated with choosing EM earlier in medical school. The third year was identified as the most common time for definitively choosing the specialty. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of PLoS ONE is the property of Public Library of Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America
      2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
      3Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America
      4Department of Emergency Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America
      5Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
      6Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    • Full Text Word Count:
      3905
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0196639
    • Accession Number:
      129514859
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RAY, J. C. et al. Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 13, n. 5, p. 1–8, 2018. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0196639. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=aph&AN=129514859. Acesso em: 13 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Ray JC, Hopson LR, Peterson W, et al. Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(5):1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196639.
    • AMA11:
      Ray JC, Hopson LR, Peterson W, et al. Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(5):1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196639
    • APA:
      Ray, J. C., Hopson, L. R., Peterson, W., Santen, S. A., Khandelwal, S., Gallahue, F. E., White, M., & Burkhardt, J. C. (2018). Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine. PLoS ONE, 13(5), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196639
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ray, John C., Laura R. Hopson, William Peterson, Sally A. Santen, Sorabh Khandelwal, Fiona E. Gallahue, Melissa White, and John C. Burkhardt. 2018. “Choosing Emergency Medicine: Influences on Medical Students’ Choice of Emergency Medicine.” PLoS ONE 13 (5): 1–8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196639.
    • Harvard:
      Ray, J. C. et al. (2018) ‘Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine’, PLoS ONE, 13(5), pp. 1–8. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196639.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ray, JC, Hopson, LR, Peterson, W, Santen, SA, Khandelwal, S, Gallahue, FE, White, M & Burkhardt, JC 2018, ‘Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine’, PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1–8, viewed 13 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Ray, John C., et al. “Choosing Emergency Medicine: Influences on Medical Students’ Choice of Emergency Medicine.” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 5, May 2018, pp. 1–8. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196639.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ray, John C., Laura R. Hopson, William Peterson, Sally A. Santen, Sorabh Khandelwal, Fiona E. Gallahue, Melissa White, and John C. Burkhardt. “Choosing Emergency Medicine: Influences on Medical Students’ Choice of Emergency Medicine.” PLoS ONE 13, no. 5 (May 9, 2018): 1–8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196639.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ray JC, Hopson LR, Peterson W, Santen SA, Khandelwal S, Gallahue FE, et al. Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students’ choice of emergency medicine. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2018 May 9 [cited 2020 Jul 13];13(5):1–8. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=aph&AN=129514859