Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subjects:
      Temperature inversions; Parameterization; Atmospheric temperature; Climatology; Mathematical models; Surface temperature
    • Abstract:
      A conceptual model is used in combination with observational analysis to understand regime transitions of near-surface temperature inversions at night as well as in Arctic conditions. The model combines a surface energy budget with a bulk parameterization for turbulent heat transport. Energy fluxes or feedbacks due to soil and radiative heat transfer are accounted for by a "lumped parameter closure," which represents the "coupling strength" of the system. Observations from Cabauw, Netherlands, and Dome C, Antarctica, are analyzed. As expected, inversions are weak for strong winds, whereas large inversions are found under weak-wind conditions. However, a sharp transition is found between those regimes, as it occurs within a narrow wind range. This results in a typical S-shaped dependency. The conceptual model explains why this characteristic must be a robust feature. Differences between the Cabauw and Dome C cases are explained from differences in coupling strength (being weaker in the Antarctic). For comparison, a realistic column model is run. As findings are similar to the simple model and the observational analysis, it suggests generality of the results. Theoretical analysis reveals that, in the transition zone near the critical wind speed, the response time of the system to perturbations becomes large. As resilience to perturbations becomes weaker, it may explain why, within this wind regime, an increase of scatter is found. Finally, the so-called heat flux duality paradox is analyzed. It is explained why numerical simulations with prescribed surface fluxes show a dynamical response different from more realistic surface-coupled systems. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department of Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
      2CNRS/Université Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, Grenoble, France
      3CNRS, Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, Grenoble, France
      4Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, and J.M. Burgerscentrum, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
      5Royal Netherlands Weather Institute, De Bilt, Netherlands
      6Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, Netherlands
    • ISSN:
      00224928
    • DOI:
      10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1
    • Accession Number:
      123010219
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VAN DE WIEL, B. J. H. 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n. et al. Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, [s. l.], v. 74, n. 4, p. 1057–1073, 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 21 ago. 2019.
    • AMA:
      VAN DE WIEL BJH 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n., VIGNON E, BAAS P, et al. Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 2017;74(4):1057-1073. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1.
    • APA:
      VAN DE WIEL, B. J. H. 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n., VIGNON, E., BAAS, P., VAN HOOIJDONK, I. G. S. ., VAN DER LINDEN, S. J. A. ., VAN HOOFT, J. A., … GENTHON, C. (2017). Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 74(4), 1057–1073. https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      VAN DE WIEL, BAS J. H.1, [email protected], ETIENNE2,3 VIGNON, PETER1 BAAS, IVO G. S.4 VAN HOOIJDONK, STEVEN J. A.1 VAN DER LINDEN, J. ANTOON1 VAN HOOFT, FRED C.5 BOSVELD, STEFAN R.1 DE ROODE, ARNOLD F.6 MOENE, and CHRISTOPHE2,3 GENTHON. 2017. “Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model.” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 74 (4): 1057–73. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1.
    • Harvard:
      VAN DE WIEL, B. J. H. 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n. et al. (2017) ‘Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model’, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 74(4), pp. 1057–1073. doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      VAN DE WIEL, BJH 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n., VIGNON, E, BAAS, P, VAN HOOIJDONK, IGS., VAN DER LINDEN, SJA., VAN HOOFT, JA, BOSVELD, FC., DE ROODE, SR., MOENE, AF. & GENTHON, C 2017, ‘Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model’, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 1057–1073, viewed 21 August 2019, .
    • MLA:
      VAN DE WIEL, BAS J. H. 1. b. j. [email protected] n., et al. “Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model.” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 74, no. 4, Apr. 2017, pp. 1057–1073. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      VAN DE WIEL, BAS J. H.1, [email protected], ETIENNE2,3 VIGNON, PETER1 BAAS, IVO G. S.4 VAN HOOIJDONK, STEVEN J. A.1 VAN DER LINDEN, J. ANTOON1 VAN HOOFT, FRED C.5 BOSVELD, STEFAN R.1 DE ROODE, ARNOLD F.6 MOENE, and CHRISTOPHE2,3 GENTHON. “Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model.” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 74, no. 4 (April 2017): 1057–73. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0180.1.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      VAN DE WIEL BJH 1. b. j. h. [email protected] n., VIGNON E, BAAS P, VAN HOOIJDONK IGS., VAN DER LINDEN SJA., VAN HOOFT JA, et al. Regime Transitions in Near-Surface Temperature Inversions: A Conceptual Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences [Internet]. 2017 Apr [cited 2019 Aug 21];74(4):1057–73. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asf&AN=123010219