Reduction of inflammatory reaction of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic Acid) using demineralized bone particles.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 101466659 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 1937-3341 (Print) Linking ISSN: 19373341 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Tissue Eng Part A Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: New Rochelle, NY : Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) has been widely applied to tissue engineering as a good biocompatible material because of its biodegradability and nontoxic metabolites, but how the inflammatory reaction of PLGA on the surrounding tissue in vivo is reduced has not been discussed sufficiently. We hypothesized that the cells neighboring the PLGA implant might have an inflammatory response that could be reduced by impregnating demineralized bone particles (DBPs) into the PLGA. We manufactured five different ratios of DBP/PLGA hybrid materials, with each material containing 0, 10, 20, 40, and 80 wt% of DBPs of PLGA. For biocompatibility test, NIH/3T3 mouse fibroblasts were cultured on the DBP/PLGA scaffold for 3 days. The inflammatory potential of PLGA was evaluated using messenger ribonucleic acid expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1-beta (IL-1beta) on a human acute promyelocytic leukemic cell (HL-60). The in vivo response of DBP/PLGA film was compared with that of PLGA film implanted subcutaneously; the local inflammatory response was observed according to histology. The DBP/PLGA scaffold had no adverse effect on NIH/3T3 initial cell attachment and did not affect cell viability. DBP/PLGA films, especially PLGA films containing 80% DBP, elicited a significantly lower expression of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha from HL-60 cells than PLGA film alone. In vivo, DBP/PLGA film demonstrated a more favorable tissue response profile than PLGA film, with significantly less inflammation and fibrous capsule formation as below only 20% of DBP in PLGA film during implantation. This study shows that application of DBPs reduces the fibrous tissue encapsulation and foreign body giant cell response that commonly occurs at the interface of PLGA.
    • Accession Number:
      0 (Glycolates)
      0 (Interleukin-1beta)
      0 (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha)
      1SIA8062RS (Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer)
      26009-03-0 (Polyglycolic Acid)
      33X04XA5AT (Lactic Acid)
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20080321 Date Completed: 20080623 Latest Revision: 20181201
    • Publication Date:
      20220302
    • Accession Number:
      10.1089/tea.2007.0129
    • Accession Number:
      18352826