Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 100968562 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1471-2458 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14712458 NLM ISO Abbreviation: BMC Public Health
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2001-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Mental illness rates among young people is high, yet the frequency of help-seeking is low, especially among those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. Understanding factors influencing help-seeking, such as mental illness beliefs, stigma and literacy among B40 individuals is important, but past studies are sparse. Hence, we aimed to examine the factors associated with mental help-seeking attitude among students from the B40 income bracket. Differences in beliefs toward mental illness, stigma and help-seeking attitudes among university and secondary school students were also investigated.
      Methods: University and secondary school students from low-income households (N = 202) were involved in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Depression Literacy Questionnaire (D-Lit), General Help Seeking Questionnaire (GHSQ), Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS), Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH), and Beliefs toward Mental Illness (BMI).
      Results: Mental help-seeking attitude had a significant relationship with self-stigma on seeking help (r = -.258, p < .001), general help-seeking attitude (r = .156, p = .027), and age (r = .187, p < .001). However, the strongest predictor for mental help-seeking attitude was self-stigma on seeking help (F (2,199) = 8.207, p < .001 with R2 of .076). University students had better depression literacy and lower levels of self-stigma and negative beliefs toward mental illness compared to secondary school students.
      Conclusion: Higher self-stigma and younger age were associated with negative mental help-seeking attitudes among students from low-income households. As self-stigma may be a barrier to actual mental help-seeking, efforts to reduce self-stigma in this population need to be intensified.
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Attitude; Help-seeking; Low socioeconomic; Self-stigma
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20190615 Date Completed: 20190820 Latest Revision: 20190820
    • Publication Date:
      20190821
    • Accession Number:
      10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6
    • Accession Number:
      31196033
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      IBRAHIM, N. et al. Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia. BMC Public Health, [s. l.], v. 19, n. Suppl 4, p. 544, 2019. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 23 out. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Ibrahim N, Amit N, Shahar S, et al. Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(Suppl 4):544. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6.
    • APA:
      Ibrahim, N., Amit, N., Shahar, S., Wee, L.-H., Ismail, R., Khairuddin, R., … Safien, A. M. (2019). Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia. BMC Public Health, 19(Suppl 4), 544. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ibrahim, Norhayati, Noh Amit, Suzana Shahar, Lei-Hum Wee, Rozmi Ismail, Rozainee Khairuddin, Ching Sin Siau, and Aisyah Mohd Safien. 2019. “Do Depression Literacy, Mental Illness Beliefs and Stigma Influence Mental Health Help-Seeking Attitude? A Cross-Sectional Study of Secondary School and University Students from B40 Households in Malaysia.” BMC Public Health 19 (Suppl 4): 544. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6.
    • Harvard:
      Ibrahim, N. et al. (2019) ‘Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia’, BMC Public Health, 19(Suppl 4), p. 544. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ibrahim, N, Amit, N, Shahar, S, Wee, L-H, Ismail, R, Khairuddin, R, Siau, CS & Safien, AM 2019, ‘Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia’, BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. Suppl 4, p. 544, viewed 23 October 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Ibrahim, Norhayati, et al. “Do Depression Literacy, Mental Illness Beliefs and Stigma Influence Mental Health Help-Seeking Attitude? A Cross-Sectional Study of Secondary School and University Students from B40 Households in Malaysia.” BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. Suppl 4, June 2019, p. 544. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ibrahim, Norhayati, Noh Amit, Suzana Shahar, Lei-Hum Wee, Rozmi Ismail, Rozainee Khairuddin, Ching Sin Siau, and Aisyah Mohd Safien. “Do Depression Literacy, Mental Illness Beliefs and Stigma Influence Mental Health Help-Seeking Attitude? A Cross-Sectional Study of Secondary School and University Students from B40 Households in Malaysia.” BMC Public Health 19, no. Suppl 4 (June 13, 2019): 544. doi:10.1186/s12889-019-6862-6.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ibrahim N, Amit N, Shahar S, Wee L-H, Ismail R, Khairuddin R, et al. Do depression literacy, mental illness beliefs and stigma influence mental health help-seeking attitude? A cross-sectional study of secondary school and university students from B40 households in Malaysia. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2019 Jun 13 [cited 2019 Oct 23];19(Suppl 4):544. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=31196033