Sleep During and After Gradual Sleep Reduction.

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    • Abstract:
      To determine: 1) the minimum amounts of sleep subjects would tolerate, 2) the changes in EEG sleep measures, and 3) whether subjects would revert to baseline sleep after study termination, 4 couples gradually reduced their sleep. Three couples reduced their TST in 30-min steps from a baseline of 8 hrs and one couple from a baseline of 6.5 hrs. Subjective estimates of sleep time, sleep quality, and mood were collected daily. Home EEG sleep recordings were obtained 3 nights a week. Two of the 8-hr sleepers reduced their sleep to 5.5 hrs, 2 to 5.0 hrs, and 2 reached 4.5 hrs. These 6 subjects continued sleeping I to 2.5 hrs below baseline amounts a year after reduction terminated. The 6.5-hr baseline couple reached 5.0 hrs and returned to 6.5 hrs TST during follow-up. Stages W, 2, and REM decreased significantly in absolute amounts. Percentage of stages W and 2 also decreased significantly. REM percent remained constant. Stage 3 was constant while stage 4 increased in both absolute and relative amounts. REM cycle length remained constant. Stage 4 rebound on 7-hr nights was not observed during times of greatest sleep reduction. Occurrences of stage REM within 10 min of stage I onset were observed in 2 subjects when their TST was below 6.5 hrs. Our results are consistent with other studies of shortened sleep, indicating that TST is the major determinant of sleep-stage characteristics. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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