Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2016
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Abraham Gottlob Werner
      aesthetics
      art and science
      colour
      geological maps
      Geological Society of London
      George Bellas Greenough
      mineralogy
      nineteenth century
      theories of vision
      art et science
      cartes géologiques
      couleur
      dix-neuvième siècle
      esthétique
      minéralogie
      Société géologique de Londres
      théories de la vision
      EnglishFrenchLanguage of Keywords: English; French
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      NAICS/Industry Codes 424920 Book, Periodical, and Newspaper Merchant Wholesalers
      323119 Other printing
    • Abstract:
      Geologically interested savants of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries described three-dimensional spatial relationships through the visual language of maps and sections of the Earth. At this time, there was a debate whether colour or line should feature in mapping our strata. Colour was an identifying characteristic of Wernerian mineralogy, but the exact manner in which colour should be employed in representing a mineralogical landscape remained controversial. According to the engineer and geologist William Smith (1769–1839), words or symbols, engraved on a map, marred a visual simplicity that accommodated an immediate understanding of the area represented. Colour enabled a quick and rational study of the countryside so that the savant instantly visualized the logic of the landscape. André- Jean-Marie Brochant de Villiers (1792–1857), professor of geology and mineralogy at École des Mines, argued differently. In a letter to Thomas Webster (1773–1844), he remarked on the difficulty of correlating colours in the key with those of strata when studying Greenough’s Map of England and Wales (1819). By examining techniques of representation and the use of colour, this paper discusses the importance of aesthetics in the depiction of geological landscape. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      À la fin du dix-huitième siècle et au début du dix-neuvième, les savants qui s’intéressent à la géologie décrivent les relations spatiales tridimensionnelles par le langage visuel des cartes et des couches de la Terre. On s’interroge à l’époque sur le meilleur moyen de cartographier les strates : les couleurs ou les traits? Si la couleur est une caractéristique identificatrice dans la minéralogie wernérienne, on ne s’entend pas sur la manière exacte de l’employer pour représenter un paysage minéralogique. L’ingénieur et géologue William Smith (1769–1839) considère que les mots ou les symboles gravés sur une carte en altèrent la simplicité visuelle, rendant difficile la compréhension immédiate de la région représentée. Selon lui, la couleur permet une étude rapide et rationnelle de la campagne; le savant peut alors visualiser instantanément la logique du paysage. André-Jean-Marie Brochant de Villiers (1792–1857), professeur de géologie et de minéralogie à l’É cole des mines, voit les choses différemment. Dans une lettre à Thomas Webster (1773–1844), il mentionne la difficulté d’associer les couleurs des strates à celles de la légende de la carte de l’Angleterre et du pays de Galles (Map of England and Wales, 1819) de Greenough. Par un examen des techniques de représentation et de l’usage de la couleur, cet article traite de l’importance de l’esthétique dans l’illustration du paysage géologique. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      03177173
    • Accession Number:
      118144234
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KSIAZKIEWICZ, A. Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cartographica, [s. l.], v. 51, n. 3, p. 159, 2016. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 19 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Ksiazkiewicz A. Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cartographica. 2016;51(3):159. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234. Accessed September 19, 2019.
    • APA:
      Ksiazkiewicz, A. (2016). Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cartographica, 51(3), 159. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ksiazkiewicz, Allison. 2016. “Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Cartographica 51 (3): 159. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234.
    • Harvard:
      Ksiazkiewicz, A. (2016) ‘Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, Cartographica, 51(3), p. 159. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234 (Accessed: 19 September 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ksiazkiewicz, A 2016, ‘Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, Cartographica, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 159, viewed 19 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Ksiazkiewicz, Allison. “Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Cartographica, vol. 51, no. 3, Sept. 2016, p. 159. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ksiazkiewicz, Allison. “Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain.” Cartographica 51, no. 3 (September 2016): 159. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ksiazkiewicz A. Unifying Prospects: Tinting Geological Maps in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cartographica [Internet]. 2016 Sep [cited 2019 Sep 19];51(3):159. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=118144234