Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2019
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Biochemistry
      Biology and life sciences
      Carbohydrates
      Chemical compounds
      Chemistry
      Database and informatics methods
      Database searching
      Diabetes mellitus
      Diabetic endocrinology
      Endocrine disorders
      Endocrinology
      Glucose
      Hormones
      Insulin
      Mathematical and statistical techniques
      Mathematics
      Medicine and health sciences
      Metaanalysis
      Metabolic disorders
      Monosaccharides
      Organic chemistry
      Organic compounds
      Physical sciences
      Research and analysis methods
      Research Article
      Research assessment
      Statistical methods
      Statistics
      Systematic reviews
      Type 1 diabetes
      Type 2 diabetes
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Ethiopia recorded the highest numbers of people with diabetes in Africa. It is not uncommon for diabetic patients to have poor glycemic control leading to a number of complications. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the level of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia by combining the studies from the existing literature. Materials and methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was employed to plan and conduct this review. A comprehensive electronic-based literature search was conducted in the databases of MEDLINE, HINARI, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, and SCIENCEDIRECT. Open meta-analyst software was used to perform meta-analyses. Proportions of good glycemic control among diabetic patients was calculated. Odds ratio was also calculated to check the presence of statistically significant difference in glycemic control among patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Results: A total of 22 studies were included in the final analysis. Meta-analysis of 16 studies showed that only one-third of patients [34.4% (95% CI: 27.9%-40.9%), p<0.001] achieving good glycemic control based on fasting plasma glucose measurements. Similar to the studies that used fasting plasma glucose, the rate of good glycemic control was found to be 33.2% [(95% CI: 21.8%-44.6%), p<0.001] based on glycosylated hemoglobin measurements. There was no statistically significant difference in the rates of glycemic control between patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (p = 0.167). Conclusion: High proportion of diabetic patients were unable to achieve good glycemic control. There was no difference in glycemic control among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      19326203
    • Accession Number:
      138284727
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GEBREYOHANNES, E. A.; NETERE, A. K.; BELACHEW, S. A. Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 8, p. 1, 2019. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727. Acesso em: 31 mar. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Gebreyohannes EA, Netere AK, Belachew SA. Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(8):1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727. Accessed March 31, 2020.
    • APA:
      Gebreyohannes, E. A., Netere, A. K., & Belachew, S. A. (2019). Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 14(8), 1.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, and Sewunet Admasu Belachew. 2019. “Glycemic Control among Diabetic Patients in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE 14 (8): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727.
    • Harvard:
      Gebreyohannes, E. A., Netere, A. K. and Belachew, S. A. (2019) ‘Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, PLoS ONE, 14(8), p. 1. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727 (Accessed: 31 March 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Gebreyohannes, EA, Netere, AK & Belachew, SA 2019, ‘Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 8, p. 1, viewed 31 March 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu, et al. “Glycemic Control among Diabetic Patients in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 8, Aug. 2019, p. 1. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Gebreyohannes, Eyob Alemayehu, Adeladlew Kassie Netere, and Sewunet Admasu Belachew. “Glycemic Control among Diabetic Patients in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 8 (August 27, 2019): 1. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Gebreyohannes EA, Netere AK, Belachew SA. Glycemic control among diabetic patients in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2019 Aug 27 [cited 2020 Mar 31];14(8):1. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=138284727