Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism.

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  • Author(s): Lovell, Kera
  • Source:
    Gender Issues. Jun2016, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p71-95. 25p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This paper traces the origins, tactics, and reception of teenage feminism between the late-1960s and mid-1970s. Letters and essays written by teenage girls during this time demonstrate how girls saw feminism as a tool to challenge gender role socialization and build a supportive and collaborative community of girl activists within this revolutionary context. When compared to male or adult peers, teenage feminists during the Second Wave were perceived as illegitimate and inconsequential (Graham in Young activists: American high school students in the age of protest. Northern Illinois University Press, Dekalb, ]. These perceptions have inadvertently positioned teenage feminism as a post-Second Wave 'girl power' movement (Snyder in Sisterhood interrupted: from radical women to girls gone wild. Palgrave Macmillan, New York City, ; Siegel in Signs 34(1):175-196, ]. However, using primary sources written by girls, this paper illuminates how teenage and adult feminists created space within the women's liberation movement to identify, discuss, and combat the particular gender oppressions experienced by adolescent girls. Through consciousness-raising groups, essays, and direct actions, teenage feminists focused on the materiality of sexual objectification and gender discrimination. Framing their own form of body politics, they fought against sex-specific dress codes, sex segregation in schools, courses, and sports, as well as lack of access to sex education and birth control. Teenage and adult feminists argued that these gendered customs trained girls for subservience that prevented them from attaining full citizenship. Vivid personal narratives by girls illuminate the impacts of feminism on their gender identity and relations. Ultimately, by challenging age divisions between the adult-dominated face of the Second Wave and the girl-focused Third Wave, this paper uses the voices of teenage girls to shed light on an earlier movement of 'girl power' that has yet to be excavated. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Gender Issues is the property of Springer Nature and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1098-092X
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8
    • Accession Number:
      115197219
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LOVELL, K. Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism. Gender Issues, [s. l.], v. 33, n. 2, p. 71, 2016. DOI 10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=f5h&AN=115197219. Acesso em: 7 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Lovell K. Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism. Gender Issues. 2016;33(2):71. doi:10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8.
    • APA:
      Lovell, K. (2016). Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism. Gender Issues, 33(2), 71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lovell, Kera. 2016. “Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism.” Gender Issues 33 (2): 71. doi:10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8.
    • Harvard:
      Lovell, K. (2016) ‘Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism’, Gender Issues, 33(2), p. 71. doi: 10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lovell, K 2016, ‘Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism’, Gender Issues, vol. 33, no. 2, p. 71, viewed 7 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Lovell, Kera. “Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism.” Gender Issues, vol. 33, no. 2, June 2016, p. 71. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lovell, Kera. “Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism.” Gender Issues 33, no. 2 (June 2016): 71. doi:10.1007/s12147-016-9155-8.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lovell K. Girls Are Equal Too: Education, Body Politics, and the Making of Teenage Feminism. Gender Issues [Internet]. 2016 Jun [cited 2019 Dec 7];33(2):71. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=f5h&AN=115197219