Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men.

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  • Author(s): Malcolm, Barris P.
  • Source:
    Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education. Dec2004, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p39-61. 23p. 5 Charts.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Associations between self-esteem and abuse of alcohol and psychoactive substances have been documented in empirical studies involving high school and college students. No research exists that addresses whether this association generalizes to adult homeless substance users. The current study uses secondary data analysis methodology to evaluate an experimental design study involving 305 homeless men, assigned randomly to the treatment or control group. Control subjects were referred to community-based services. Experimental subjects were exposed to individual and group interventions, life-skills, and relapse prevention training while residing in a 24-hour shelter, for three months. Trained graduate students collected data using standardized questions to interview subjects. Three hypotheses were tested. Hypothesis I that the interventions would contribute toward increased self-esteem at T2, T3, T4 and T5 was not supported. The preponderance of findings pertaining to Hypothesis II, that higher self-esteem would be associated with lower alcohol and drug use in treatment subjects, and Hypothesis III, that these associations would be greater among treatment than control subjects over time, were not confirmed, although a few results were consistent with these hypotheses. Overall, results indicated that self-esteem was not increased in treatment subjects despite decreases in alcohol and drug use. The role of self-esteem in this population appears different from its importance in high school and college students. Possible reasons for this apparent difference are explored. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education is the property of American Alcohol & Drug Information Foundation and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0090-1482
    • Accession Number:
      15374694
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MALCOLM, B. P. Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, [s. l.], v. 48, n. 3, p. 39–61, 2004. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694. Acesso em: 23 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Malcolm BP. Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education. 2004;48(3):39-61. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694. Accessed January 23, 2020.
    • APA:
      Malcolm, B. P. (2004). Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 48(3), 39–61. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Malcolm, Barris P. 2004. “Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men.” Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education 48 (3): 39–61. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694.
    • Harvard:
      Malcolm, B. P. (2004) ‘Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men’, Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, 48(3), pp. 39–61. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694 (Accessed: 23 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Malcolm, BP 2004, ‘Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men’, Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 39–61, viewed 23 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Malcolm, Barris P. “Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men.” Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, vol. 48, no. 3, Dec. 2004, pp. 39–61. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Malcolm, Barris P. “Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men.” Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education 48, no. 3 (December 2004): 39–61. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Malcolm BP. Evaluating the Effects of Self-Esteem on Substance Abuse among Homeless Men. Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education [Internet]. 2004 Dec [cited 2020 Jan 23];48(3):39–61. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=15374694