Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This article analyzes the role of religious involvement and religious beliefs in the prevalence and frequency of smoking and alcohol consumption. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study. In 2005, we conducted door-to-door interviews with 383 people, aged 18 years or more, randomly selected from the 'Paraisopolis' shantytown in São Paulo, Brazil. Four regression models were created to explain the relationships among religious involvement, tobacco and alcohol use, controlling for demographic, social, and psychobehavioral factors. High religious attendance was associated with less alcohol use, alcohol abuse, tobacco use, and combined alcohol/tobacco use, as well as less days consuming alcoholic beverages per week, controlling for confounding factors. Additionally, high nonorganizational religious behavior was associated with less tobacco and combined alcohol/tobacco use. Religiosity plays an important role in the control of alcohol and tobacco use in a shantytown setting; further management initiatives in the area should consider this issue. The study's limitations are noted. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Religiosidad, uso de alcohol y tabaquismo en una favela brasilera El objetivo con el presente estudio es analizar el papel del envolvimiento religioso y de las creencias religiosas en la prevalencia y frecuencia del tabaquismo y consumo de alcohol. Fue realizado un estudio poblacional de carácter transversal en el año 2005. Fueron realizadas entrevistas domiciliarias en 383 personas, mayores de 18 años, seleccionadas randomicamente de la favela de Paraisópolis, localizada en Sao Paulo, Brasil. Fueron creados cuatro modelos de regresión para explicar las relaciones entre el envolvimiento religioso, tabaquismo y uso de alcohol, controlándose para variables demográficas, sociales y factores psico-comportamentales. Mayor frecuencia religiosa fue asociada a menor uso de alcohol, abuso de alcohol, tabaquismo y uso combinado de alcohol y tabaco, así como, menos días de consumo de alcohol, asimismo después del control de factores confundidores. De la misma forma, mayor religiosidad no organizacional fue asociada a menos tabaquismo y uso combinado de alcohol y tabaco. La religiosidad parece poseer un papel importante en el control del uso del alcohol y tabaco en las favelas. Nuevas iniciativas de gestión en esos lugares deben considerar ese aspecto.' [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Religiosité, usage de tabac et d'alcool dans une favela brésilienne Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser le rôle de l'engagement religieux et des croyances religieuses dans la prévalence et dans la fréquence des consommations de tabac et d'alcool. Il s'agit d'un étude transversale faite à partir de la population. En 2005, nous avons réalisé 383 interviews en porte à porte, sur des sujets âgés de plus de 18 ans, choisis au hasard dans la favela de Paraisopolis à São Paulo au Brésil. Quatre modèles de régression ont été créés pour expliquer les relations entre l'engagement religieux et l'usage de tabac et d'alcool, en prenant en compte les facteurs démographique, social, et psycho-comportemental. Une religiosité élevée a été reliée à moins d'alcool, d'abus d'alcool, d'usage de tabac, moins d'usage associé alcool/tabac et moins de journées de consommations de produits alcoolisés par semaine, le tout en contrôlant les facteurs confondants. De plus, un comportement religieux hautement non-organisé a été associé à moins de tabac et d'alcool/tabac. La religiosité joue un rôle important dans le contrôle de la consommation d'alcool et de tabac dans le cadre d'une favela, des initiatives de management plus poussées dans ce domaine devraient considérer cette question. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Substance Use & Misuse is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      1082-6084
    • Accession Number:
      10.3109/10826084.2012.673142
    • Accession Number:
      74669898
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LUCCHETTI, G. et al. Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown. Substance Use & Misuse, [s. l.], v. 47, n. 7, p. 837–846, 2012. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 22 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Lucchetti G, Peres MFP, Lucchetti ALG, Koenig HG. Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown. Substance Use & Misuse. 2012;47(7):837-846. doi:10.3109/10826084.2012.673142.
    • APA:
      Lucchetti, G., Peres, M. F. P., Lucchetti, A. L. G., & Koenig, H. G. (2012). Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown. Substance Use & Misuse, 47(7), 837–846. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2012.673142
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Lucchetti, Giancarlo, Mario F. P. Peres, Alessandra L. G. Lucchetti, and Harold G. Koenig. 2012. “Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown.” Substance Use & Misuse 47 (7): 837–46. doi:10.3109/10826084.2012.673142.
    • Harvard:
      Lucchetti, G. et al. (2012) ‘Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown’, Substance Use & Misuse, 47(7), pp. 837–846. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2012.673142.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Lucchetti, G, Peres, MFP, Lucchetti, ALG & Koenig, HG 2012, ‘Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown’, Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 837–846, viewed 22 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Lucchetti, Giancarlo, et al. “Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown.” Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 47, no. 7, May 2012, pp. 837–846. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3109/10826084.2012.673142.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Lucchetti, Giancarlo, Mario F. P. Peres, Alessandra L. G. Lucchetti, and Harold G. Koenig. “Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown.” Substance Use & Misuse 47, no. 7 (May 2012): 837–46. doi:10.3109/10826084.2012.673142.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Lucchetti G, Peres MFP, Lucchetti ALG, Koenig HG. Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown. Substance Use & Misuse [Internet]. 2012 May [cited 2019 Sep 22];47(7):837–46. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=pbh&AN=74669898