Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Mental abacus (MA) is a technique of performing fast, accurate arithmetic using a mental image of an abacus; experts exhibit astonishing calculation abilities. Over 3 years, 204 elementary school students (age range at outset: 5-7 years old) participated in a randomized, controlled trial to test whether MA expertise (a) can be acquired in standard classroom settings, (b) improves students' mathematical abilities (beyond standard math curricula), and (c) is related to changes in basic cognitive capacities like working memory. MA students outperformed controls on arithmetic tasks, suggesting that MA expertise can be achieved by children in standard classrooms. MA training did not alter basic cognitive abilities; instead, differences in spatial working memory at the beginning of the study mediated MA learning. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Child Development is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0009-3920
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/cdev.12515
    • Accession Number:
      116708857
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BARNER, D. et al. Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction. Child Development, [s. l.], v. 87, n. 4, p. 1146–1158, 2016. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 22 out. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Barner D, Alvarez G, Sullivan J, Brooks N, Srinivasan M, Frank MC. Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction. Child Development. 2016;87(4):1146-1158. doi:10.1111/cdev.12515.
    • APA:
      Barner, D., Alvarez, G., Sullivan, J., Brooks, N., Srinivasan, M., & Frank, M. C. (2016). Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction. Child Development, 87(4), 1146–1158. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12515
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Barner, David, George Alvarez, Jessica Sullivan, Neon Brooks, Mahesh Srinivasan, and Michael C. Frank. 2016. “Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction.” Child Development 87 (4): 1146–58. doi:10.1111/cdev.12515.
    • Harvard:
      Barner, D. et al. (2016) ‘Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction’, Child Development, 87(4), pp. 1146–1158. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12515.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Barner, D, Alvarez, G, Sullivan, J, Brooks, N, Srinivasan, M & Frank, MC 2016, ‘Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction’, Child Development, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 1146–1158, viewed 22 October 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Barner, David, et al. “Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction.” Child Development, vol. 87, no. 4, July 2016, pp. 1146–1158. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/cdev.12515.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Barner, David, George Alvarez, Jessica Sullivan, Neon Brooks, Mahesh Srinivasan, and Michael C. Frank. “Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction.” Child Development 87, no. 4 (July 2016): 1146–58. doi:10.1111/cdev.12515.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Barner D, Alvarez G, Sullivan J, Brooks N, Srinivasan M, Frank MC. Learning Mathematics in a Visuospatial Format: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Mental Abacus Instruction. Child Development [Internet]. 2016 Jul [cited 2019 Oct 22];87(4):1146–58. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=tfh&AN=116708857