Suppression of sleepiness in drivers: combination of caffeine with a short nap.

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    • Abstract:
      Previous research has shown that caffeine and a<15-min nap effectively and separately reduce sleepiness in drivers for 1 hr. in the present study, we examined in 12 sleepy individuals the treatments combined, taken during a 30-min break, prior to a longer (2 hr) continuous monotonous afternoon drive in a car simulator. Nonnap comparisons were 200 mg caffeine only and placebo. For placebo, driving incidents, subjective and electroencephalographic measures of sleepiness all reflected a mid-afternoon peak. This peek was significantly reduced by caffeine and eliminated by the combined treatment, which reduced incidents to 9% of placebo levels versus 34% of placebo levels for caffeine alone. Naps comprising "nonsleep dozing" were still effective. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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