Reduced Alpha power associated with the recall of mentation from Stage 2 and Stage REM sleep.

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    • Abstract:
      Relationships between Alpha (8–12 Hz) activity and cognitive processes during wakefulness raise the possibility of similar relationships between Alpha and cognitive activity during sleep. We hypothesized that Alpha power decreases during both Stage 2 and REM sleep would index the presence of sleep mentation in these stages. Absolute power for six classical EEG bands and three Alpha subbands was calculated for Stage 2 and REM sleep awakenings both with and without mentation recall. In both stages, recall was associated with lower Alpha power, especially with middle Alpha power (9.5–11.5 Hz). Unexpectedly, a similar effect for Delta power (0.5–4.0 Hz) was also observed. The Alpha effect may reflect cognitive elaboration active in the minutes preceding awakening; however, attention and memory processes cannot be excluded. The Delta effect is consistent with prior observations of regular linkages between Alpha and Delta power during sleep. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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